We present a complete classification of the nonequilibrium internal forces in Brownian systems based on the direction of the force and its behavior under flow reversal.
Liquid crystal polymer networks (LCNs) exhibit remarkable fluctuations in shape and size when doped with a stimulus-responsive chemical species.
The disadvantage of graphene for using digital electronics is lack of bandgap, which is necessary to perform on-off switching operations in transistors. We have shown three different approaches to open a gap in graphene and tailor its electronic band structure.
The nature of the amorphous state is recognized as one of the greatest challenges of condensed matter physics in the XXI century.